The Structure of Qualitative Research Methodology Dissertation

Qualitative Research Methodology Dissertation


The dissertation structure is not dependent on the research methodology used in the dissertation.  However, the type of methodology in research creates some problems in the analysis and results part of the dissertation. Thus, it can be said that research methodology do affect slightly the structure of a dissertation.

In the following discussion, the structure of qualitative methodology research dissertation is going to be discussed and the format which shows how to write a dissertation.


This chapter describes the dissertation introduction structure with all the general data of the research and the dissertation methodology structure to locate the reader in the educational problem investigated.

This chapter describes the contents of the research design dissertation that are presented in the body of work, in order to provide the reader with a general idea of what you will find in it. Citations should not be included unless required to emphasize the topic. The background part of the chapter must contain:

The generality of the subject;

The objective;

A brief description of the structure of the work;

What motivated the researcher to carry out the research


Present in a general way, the situation where the problem is immersed. Description of the scenario to which the problem refers: physical, sociocultural, economic, normative (public or private school, regulations, mission, etc.).

Definition of the problem

It is a preliminary introduction to the research questions in which the thesis student refers to the subject of his study, preparing the ground for the subsequent formulation.

Research Questions and, if applicable, Work Assumptions

The research questions are what we tried to answer with the results of the research. When the focus of research is predominantly qualitative, only research questions are used. The research questions have emerged when the result of the review of the literature has been re-evaluated

Research Objectives

General purpose: It must respond to the research problem and what was intended to achieve with the investigation.

Specific objectives: They must answer the subordinate questions, related to the basic elements of the thesis (theoretical foundation, methodology, proposals, etc.), they can express specific purposes to solve a problem; deepen a theoretical explanation or develop a new explanation about empirical situations.


Explain why is research important? In what way does it contribute to the improvement of the educational situation? Base the value of the investigation regarding:

  • Because it is convenient to carry out the investigation;
  • Social relevance;
  • Practical implication;
  • Theoretic value;
  • Methodological utility

Expected Benefits

Indicate what will be the contributions of the research to the field of study, to the institution or to the society in which the results will be presented and the proposal will be implemented.

Delimitation and limitations of the investigation

The delimitations specify the physical, temporal, thematic, methodological, and population space of the study, that is, what was the scope of the research in terms of space and time of the study of the phenomenon.

The limitations establish the obstacles that interfered in the development of the research and the restrictions that limited the study and that were beyond the reach of the researcher.

Chapter 2 Literature Review

In this chapter the models, theories and concepts pertinent to the research problem are presented, in such a way that they base the analysis and the interpretation of the results (analogous studies, a literature review that bases the diagnosis made, the theoretical foundation of the project design).

Background (state of affairs)

Indicate accurately the background related to the research topic. Antecedents related to the practical source (previous works related to the institution) or works related to the theoretical source of research related to the topic. This section includes the existing information on the problem at different levels: theoretical, research carried out, empirical, information from the thesis based on experience.

Theoretical framework

To form a theoretical body formed by the models, theories and concepts that theoretically support research. In this section, a set of theories, approaches, concepts and categories is developed that, with the integration of the analysis of empirical aspects, provide a sustainable argumentation of the research problem.

Read Out About: How To Write A Dissertation Proposal Introduction

Chapter 3 Research Methodology

This chapter describes the research methodology format.  In this section, you will find how to write a methodology and how to write a methodology for a dissertation and the general description of the dissertation methodology structure followed in each of the stages of the work carried out. After reading this, the reader will know how to write a good research methodology chapter.

Methodological approach

A qualitative Research methodology sample thesis has a description and justification of the methodological approach under which the observation method was designed and the interpretation of the results of the implementation (qualitative or quantitative).

The quantitative method requires the use of standardized measures and the analysis of data in a statistical form. The qualitative method uses instruments that allow you to observe the phenomenon in depth. The thesis student may choose to combine both methods as a way to obtain better results, however, the focus of the research will remain either quantitative or qualitative, depending on the way in which the problem was raised and the main point of view under the which will analyze the results.

Method of Data Collection

A sample of methodology for project must contain:

  1. Describe and justify the method of data collection used, which depended on the quantitative or qualitative approach of the research, describe the “how” of the research process (ethnographic, case, naturalistic, descriptive, action research, almost experimental, exploratory, among many others), remembering that a mixed investigation can be carried out, where both qualitative and quantitative techniques are used;
  2. Describe and justify the techniques through which the observation was carried out and with which instruments the data was collected (Example, if it is a qualitative research type could be used: depth interview, observation, field diary, focus group, etc.);
  3. Describe the procedure followed for the preparation or selection of measuring instruments (instruments such as video recording, sound recorder, paper notes, etc.), as well as for collecting the analysis and interpretation of the data obtained

Define the Universe

The study of qualitative research methodology sample thesis shows the following:

  • Population and Sample;
  • Scenarios or events and Participants

Describe the universe in which the study subjects are located and determine in a specific way who the subjects or participants were, what their characteristics are and how they selected them.

In the case of a quantitative investigation, describe the procedure and the criteria for selecting the said sample. In the case of a qualitative investigation, the criteria for the selection of the case or cases or the selection of the subjects investigated should be described.

Chapter 4 Analysis of Results

The found data are presented objectively, using diagrams, tables, charts, maps, synthesis, etc., and they are interpreted -or explained- based on the theoretical framework developed.

Chapter 5 Conclusions and recommendations

A series of statements is presented based on the results of the work. Basic questions can be included that, based on the reflection of the thesis, are questions or pending questions to be solved within the area of knowledge or practice of the profession, which indicate subsequent lines for new investigations.